A Review on Modern Distributed Computing Paradigms: Cloud Computing, Jungle Computing and Fog Computing

Majid Hajibaba, Saeid Gorgin


The distributed computing attempts to improve performance in large-scale computing problems by resource sharing. Moreover, rising low-cost computing power coupled with advances in communications/networking and the advent of big data, now enables new distributed computing paradigms such as Cloud, Jungle and Fog computing.

Cloud computing brings a number of advantages to consumers in terms of accessibility and elasticity. It is based on centralization of resources that possess huge processing power and storage capacities. Fog computing, in contrast, is pushing the frontier of computing away from centralized nodes to the edge of a network, to enable computing at the source of the data. On the other hand, Jungle computing includes a simultaneous combination of clusters, grids, clouds, and so on, in order to gain maximum potential computing power.

To understand these new buzzwords, reviewing these paradigms together can be useful. Therefore, this paper describes the advent of new forms of distributed computing. It provides a definition for Cloud, Jungle and Fog computing, and the key characteristics of them are determined. In addition, their architectures are illustrated and, finally, several main use cases are introduced.


distributed system, cloud computing, jungle computing, fog computing

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.2498/cit.1002381

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