A Prey-Predator Defence Mechanism For Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing Protocol

Abiodun Akinwale, Emmanuel Ajayi Olajubu, Ganiyu Adesola Aderounmu


This study proposes a nature-based system survivability model. The model was simulated, and its performance was evaluated for the mobile ad hoc wireless networks. The survivability model was used to enable mobile wireless distributed systems to keep on delivering packets during their stated missions in a timely manner in the presence of attacks. A prey-predator communal defence algorithm was developed and fused with the Ad hoc On-demand Distance Vector (AODV) protocol. The mathematical equations for the proposed model were formulated using the Lotka-Volterra theory of ecology. The model deployed a security mechanism for intrusion detection in three vulnerable sections of the AODV protocol. The model simulation was performed using MATLAB for the mathematical model evaluation and using OMNET++ for protocol performance testing. The MATLAB simulation results, which used empirical and field data, have established that the adapted Lotka-Volterra-based equations adequately represent network defense using the communal algorithm. Using the number of active nodes as a measure of throughput after attack (with a maximum throughput of 250 units), the proposed model had a throughput of 230 units while under attack and the intrusion was nullified within 2 seconds. The OMNET++ results for protocol simulation that use throughput, delivery ratio, network delay, and load as performance metrics with the OMNET++ embedded datasets showed good performance of the model, which was better than the existing conventional survivability systems. The comparison of the proposed model with the existing model is also presented. The study concludes that the proposed communal defence model was effective in protecting the entire routing layer (layer 2) of the AODV protocol when exposed to diverse forms of intrusion attacks.

To cite this article: A. Akinwale, E. A. Olajubu, and G. Adesola, “A Prey-Predator Defence Mechanism for Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing Protocol,” CIT. Journal of Computing and Information Technology, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 67–83, 2022, doi: 10.20532/cit.2022.1005453.


security, cyber security, survivability, AODV, MANET, OMNET++, network protocols

Full Text:


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Crossref Similarity Check logo

Crossref logologo_doaj

 Hrvatski arhiv weba logo