Parallel Algorithm for Frequent Itemset Mining on Intel Many-core Systems

Mikhail L. Zymbler

Abstract


Frequent itemset mining leads to the discovery of associations and correlations among items in large transactional databases. Apriori is a classical frequent itemset mining algorithm, which employs iterative passes over database combining with generation of candidate itemsets based on frequent itemsets found at the previous iteration, and pruning of clearly infrequent itemsets. The Dynamic Itemset Counting (DIC) algorithm is a variation of Apriori, which tries to reduce the number of passes made over a transactional database while keeping the number of itemsets counted in a pass relatively low. In this paper, we address the problem of accelerating DIC on the Intel Xeon Phi many-core system for the case when the transactional database fits in main memory. Intel Xeon Phi provides a large number of small compute cores with vector processing units. The paper presents a parallel implementation of DIC based on OpenMP technology and thread-level parallelism. We exploit the bit-based internal layout for transactions and itemsets. This technique reduces the memory space for storing the transactional database, simplifies the support count via logical bitwise operation, and allows for vectorization of such a step. Experimental evaluation on the platforms of the Intel Xeon CPU and the Intel Xeon Phi coprocessor with large synthetic and real databases showed good performance and scalability of the proposed algorithm.


Keywords


data mining, dynamic itemset counting, parallel algorithm, bitmap, OpenMP, many-core, Intel Xeon Phi

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

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