CAD-CAM Implants in Esthetic and Reconstructive Craniofacial Surgery

Thomas Hierl, Gerd Wollny, Fritz Peter Schulze, Eckhard Scholz, Jens-Georg Schmidt, Guntram Berti, Jörg Hendricks, Alexander Hemprich


In the reconstruction of complex craniofacial malformations CAD-CAM procedures could help generating alloplastic implants to achieve almost optimal esthetic results. Complementary to the existing CAD-CAM techniques in the cranial vault region or modeling procedures in unilateral defects, these techniques are introduced to bilaterally affected skulls in esthetic reconstructive surgery. Surgery could thus become less invasive and results more predictable. A tool chain is shown to generate such implants on scientific basis. 3D cephalometric analysis is performed and the implants are designed according to the individual pathology. Besides the planning of implants on the basis of 3D-landmarks, future implant design is supposed to be performed with the help of a craniofacial library taken from CT-scans of unaffected skulls.

Full Text:



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Crossref Similarity Check logo

Crossref logologo_doaj

 Hrvatski arhiv weba logo